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Oral Poster

Starch in textile application: Modification, processing and product development

Tuesday (09.05.2017)
18:36 - 18:39
Part of:
18:00 Oral Poster Fibrinogen Adsorption and Network Formation on Melt Drawn Isotactic Polybutene-1 Thin Films 1 Xiaoyuan Zhang
18:03 Oral Poster Characterization of biomaterials using AFM based fast nanoscale imaging and quantitative nanomechanical techniques 1 Dr. Tanja Neumann
18:06 Oral Poster Hydrothermal conversion of porous Ca carbonate biominerals into bioactive Ca phosphate materials: towards antibiotic and antiosteoporotic bone graft substitutes 1 Dr. Ingo Sethmann
18:09 Oral Poster Study on the retarding effect of phytic acid on the hydration of a brushite cement 1 Dr. Katrin Hurle
18:12 Oral Poster Synthesis of hollow mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles with uniform size and shape 1 Kai Zheng
18:15 Oral Poster Systematic post-operative clinical assessment of lumbar ventrolateral vertebroplasty in the large animal model sheep using a minimally-invasive approach 1 Francesca Gunnella
18:18 Oral Poster Dual setting system – characterization of PEG-based-hydrogel/brushite composites for biomedical application 1 Michaela Rödel
18:21 Oral Poster The effect of HAc etching on the degradation behaviour of Mg-5Gd 1 Dr. Frank Feyerabend
18:24 Oral Poster Degradation behavior of as cast and powder metallurgy processed Mg-Ca alloys 0 Dipl.-Ing. Eshwara Phani Shubhakar Nidadavolu
18:27 Oral Poster Bio-inspired high-performance green biopolymer fibers 1 Dr. Hendrik Bargel
18:30 Oral Poster Diatom Biosilica for Catalytic and Adsorptive Applications 1 Cathleen Fischer
18:33 Oral Poster Gallotannin polyphenol enhancement of biomimetic enzymatic hydrogel mineralization 1 Dr. Timothy E.L. Douglas
18:36 Oral Poster Starch in textile application: Modification, processing and product development 1 Pavan Kumar Manvi
18:39 Oral Poster Recombinant Spider Silk Proteins Used as Biomedical Coating Material 1 Christian Borkner
18:42 Oral Poster Effects of cross-linking modifications on Collagen: a preliminary biological evaluation 1 Dr. Mattia Vacchini
18:45 Oral Poster Endothelialization of polymethylpentene fibers as a step towards patient-specific medical devices 1 M.Sc. Annika Wenz
18:48 Oral Poster Hybrid poly-lactide/gelatin electrospun scaffolds with controlled hydrophilicity and wettability. 1 Germano Piccirillo
18:51 Oral Poster Funktion and structure - Combined optical functionality and specific bio-interaction for multifunctional biomedical materials 1 Dr. Tina Sabel
18:57 Oral Poster Bacterial adhesion to PEEK compared to exemplary dental ceramic, metallic and composite materials 1 Dr. Lutz Scheideler
19:00 Oral Poster Attachment of Nanoparticle Drug-Release Systems on Shish-Kebab structured Poly(?-Caprolactone) Nanofibers 1 Dominik de Cassan
19:06 Oral Poster Improved Nanofleeces for Cell Culture Applications 1 Tobias Kürbitz

Session P.1: Oral Poster Session 1
Belongs to:
Topic P: Postersession

An increasingly intimate combination of textile technology and material science has made natural polymers like starch an emerging multidisciplinary field of research with tremendous potential. Starch is seen as a cheap, renewable and biodegradable raw material for the textile industry as an ecofriendly alternative of petroleum based polymers.

However natural starch polymer can not be directly processed to textile products. Natural starch consists of a large number of hydroxyl groups, leading to intensive hydrogen bonding, which results in cross linking. This phenomenon counteracts the melting behavior of the starch and makes the product development through melt processing of the native starch approx. impossible, proves starch as non-thermoplastic polymer. On heating the starch polymer, degradation takes place prior to melting.

To improve the thermoplastic nature of starch various physical and chemical methods of starch modification have been used. Physical methods of starch modification are applied mainly through the modification in the starch granulate structure, which results in partial dissolution of starch in water for exa. Heat moisture treatment, annealing, Retrogradation, freezing, pressure treatment, glow discharge plasma treatment, thermal inhibitation, gelatinization etc.

Chemical modification is an effective way to alter the inherent properties of starches and to improve functionality. An inline modification of the starch with the twin screw extruder and development of an industrial process is a key point to develop the starch based textile products.

The project “Star-Tex” provides the opportunity to establish a process from native starch polymer to a variety of textile products. A consortium with research and industrial partners, coordinated by Institut fuer Textiltechnik of RWTH Aachen University provides the opportunity of the chemical modification of starch and blending of thermoplastic starch in continuous process, followed by filament production and development of textile demonstrator in form of knitted pullover, nonwoven geo- and agrotextiles.

Acknowledgement of financial support – We are very thankful to the “Fachagentur Nachwachende Rohstoffe” for their financial support and appreciation.

Pavan Kumar Manvi
RWTH Aachen University
Additional Authors:
  • Dr. Gunnar Seide
    Maastricht University
  • Prof. Dr. Thomas Gries
    RWTH University